Russkaya Tsvetnaya Bolonka kennel   "Het Haskerhuske"

Peter en Janny Wierda     Erica (Dr)


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The Bolonka as companion


We like to tell you what we know about the Bolonka and why we fell in love with the breed. In short, what you can and can't expect of the breed.


Character, Behavior and Appearance

They are  a small compact built dog, which is a bit longer then high.
Height for males and females is between 20 and 26 cm.
Weight between 3 and 4 kg.

Character and Behavior:
The difference between the Bolonka and a lot of other smaller dogs is their character as they are very easy going with humans and other animals. They adapt very easily and are very social.
Like most small dogs, they can reach a high age.

The topcoat is long, silky and wavy, the undercoat is thick. They need to be combed and brushed every week.
All colors are allowded, except white and mottled (a small spot on the chest and white toes are allowed)

Preferred is a complete scissor bite, a pincer bite and reversed scissor bite is allowed




Male or female ?

There is not much difference between the male and female. I The females are absolutely not more friendly or easier than the males.

The males are usually more "even" tempered, because they don't have problems with hormones. They may show some macho behavior with a big mouth and somewhat rash and impulsive behavior, but can also be affectionate and ready to please. In appearance they are often more imposing with a longer and fuller coat.

The female is somewhat fickle, because of hormonal fluctuations. On average, she will be in heat every nine months, at which time you will notice a difference in her behavior. For example, before going into heat she may be listless, spiritless and cranky. After her heat, she may experience a false pregnancy



The Puppy!

A puppy is of course adorable, lovable and impressionable. To raise a puppy properly, is very time consuming. They need patience, experience and consistent behavior from you. If it is your first dog, you will surely want some help. That is why, we advise everyone that takes a puppy, to enroll in puppy kindergarten or an obedience class. The first year there is so much to learn for the puppy and owner, that even the most well intentioned new owner can make mistakes.

When you have a puppy, you have a "baby" dog in your home, that needs a lot of attention and rest (particularly in a home with children). The pup will need to eat 3-4 times a day, need to be housebroken, and won't be able to stay home alone for long periods of time. An owner working full time for the first few months, is very difficult for a puppy. Even working part time, is not advised for the first few weeks, unless you have someone else at home caring for the dog.





The history of the breed is not quit clear, but one of the stories is the following:
The ancestors of the Tsvetnaya Bolonka migrated to the Russian Empire with the army of Napoleon Bonaparte and were now as the French Bolonka. Bolonka means lapdog in Russian and Tsvetnaya Bolonka means coloured lapdog.

When the army of Napoleon withdrew, some of this dogs remained in the Russian Empire and they are the founders of the breed what now is known as the "Russkaya Tsvetnaya Bolonka" we don’t know of this story is true, but it likely that the Russian royalty, like all other royal ladies,  had a small lapdog to entertain them.

After the Second World War a lot of people were interested in new breeds and also in the small companion dogs and they developed them out of already existing breeds like Bichon Frisé, Maltese, Shih Tzu and the Yorkshire Terrier.

In 1951 they made the first combinations, they wanted to breed a small dog between the 20 and 24 cm. and in 1958 they were already successful with this.
But it was difficult to breed, because Stalin did not approve to breed “useless” dogs.

When Nikita Khrushchev came in charge (1958-1964) the restrictions were lifted and they could start again with breeding small companion dogs.

Because most people lived in small apartments, small dogs like Russian toy Terrier and the Bolonka became very popular.

The Russkaya Tsvetnaya Bolonka was created from several toy breeds like Lhasa Apso, Miniature Poodle, Shih Tzu, Bolognese, Pekinees ans several small lapdogs which were already there.

In 1962 in the breed became the name “Tsvetnaya Bolonka” and in 1966 it was recognized by the ministry of Agriculture. The interest of the breed are represented by the RKF (Russian Kynological Federation) this organisation is similar as the FCI.

During the eighties of last century the breed became more popular and the national breed club was founded in 1999.

Today the Bolonka is very popular in Russia, but also in the rest of the world people start to love them.

The breed is not FCI recognized and that means that the Dutch Kennel Club ( Raad v.Beheer) does not recognize the breed as well, in contrast to the countries around us. They accept the breed and register them with the remark on the pedigree “not FCI recognized”
Only if Russia asks for recognition by the FCI ( and the FCI accepts ) we can register them in the Dutch pedigree records.

That is why we are a member of the "Europäischen Rassehund Verein" and we will breed in co-operation and according to the rules of this Breed Club and our puppies will get a pedigree of this Breed Club



Last updated 30-11-2018  © Het Haskerhûs  webdesign J.W.G.  disclaimer